Artists of all times have been fascinated with water views, mesmerizingly beautiful and evasively changeable. If you want to try your hand at seascape painting, keep these painting tips in mind.
- Note color changes. Most of the time, the sea looks blue, but sometimes it may change its shade under the influence of such factors as depth, substrate, weather and so on. For instance, if there are a lot of algae in the water, it will look greener. During the storm, the substrate from the bottom gets churned up and makes the water muddy. Observe the sea at different times of the day and weathers to find out how its color changes depending on the circumstances.
- Determine the angle of waves. One of the most important aspects of composition in seascape painting is the position of the shoreline relative to the viewer. If you place the shore at the bottom of the picture, the waves will run towards the viewer, i.e. parallel to the canvas. Having a curved coastline, though, will require more thinking. Make sure the waves are painted at the right angle relative to the shore otherwise the composition will look unrealistic.
- Work on reflections. Like everything else in our world, water has a property of reflecting light, be it direct sunlight from the sky or artificial illuminations. When it happens, the color of the water changes accordingly. Pay close attention to it while painting the sea at sunrise or sunset. Note that, on a bright sunny day, the sea will reflect both the blue of the sky and the white of the foam.
- Study the shadows. The direction of light has a great impact on the arrangement of shadows on the water. If the sun hangs low over the horizon, the length and depth of the shadows will increase. And on the contrary, they will get lighter and shorter if the sun is up high. On an overcast day, there will be almost no shadows and the sea will look less blue due to the lack of clear sky visible.
- Observe sea foam. One of the ways to make your seascapes look more lifelike is learning to distinguish between two basic types of foam. The first is surface foam that floats on the surface of the water rising and falling along with the tide. It has a thin and light texture with holes in it. The second type is called wave foam. Unlike surface foam, it is so heavy that it breaks the water surface with its weight and collides in the form of a white crest visible on the top of the wave.
Hopefully, these seascape painting tips will prove helpful to you! If you need some inspiration for your works, visit the online gallery of renowned Jewish impressionist Leonid Afremov at http://afremov.com/ and see how it all works in practice by contemplating his beautiful seascapes created in an incredible painting knife style!