Harmonious composition is essential in a work of art. The way elements are arranged in a painting can make or break it, that’s why you should follow certain rules that will help you create a well-balanced picture. Though priorities may vary from artist to artist, the general principles are the same:
- In other words, this is the subject of the painting, the thing that attracts the viewer’s attention in the first place. All other elements of the composition should lead the eye towards this focal point. However, some artists avoid emphasis on purpose to make all the parts of their work equally interesting.
- All parts of the painting should look like they belong together, not just separate elements that happened to end up in one picture. Otherwise your painting can easily fall apart and fail to produce the desired effect on the viewer. Unity can be achieved through a repeated motif, theme or pattern.
- Repeating the same composition all the time can get boring. Experiment with the shape, arrangement of elements and type of strokes. Adding variety to your works will make them look more interesting, fresh and appealing. Moreover, it will allow you to evolve as an artist.
- This magical effect makes the picture look more realistic and adds depth to the composition. It can be achieved through orientation (vertical lines are less dynamic than diagonal) or even the shape of elements (for instance, a zigzag creates a more vivid impression of motion than a straight line).
- This rule applies to contrasting colors and objects. Avoid monotony in your work, don’t be shy to add contrast wherever it is possible. Complementary colors, play of light and shade, clashing textures – everything will do great. For example, the sky will look more dramatic if you paint the approaching storm. Opposition of concepts tends to strongly affect the viewer making the painting more intriguing.
- Space can create proximity in the canvas by showing different objects as being closer to or farther from the viewer. To add perspective and plausibility to your work, vary places the elements at uneven intervals, vary their size and the angles they lie at.
There are countless combinations and unlimited possibilities that you can use while creating the composition of your painting. Find your own style and be original. But don’t forget about the golden rules of balance and harmony in a work of art! To check how it all works in practice, take a look at Leonid Afremov paintings at http://afremov.com. This wonderful Jewish impressionist surely knows how to paint! If you like any of the pictures, you can