The art of notions
Many painting art styles do not belong to pure representational art since they have an abstract thought (example: geometric forms, expressive color palette, uncommon compositions, and so on). Such an artwork made in a conceptual manner does not represent any real item, but depicts an unrecognizable object in eccentric colors and fantastic shapes. Hence, any art genre with non-representational qualities can be classified as abstract. This term is mostly applied to sculptures and oil paintings.
Forms of Abstractionism
The end of 19th and beginning of 20th century were marked by the development of a new genre called Abstractionism. During a long period of time this style was represented in different forms:
Representatives of Fauvism used strong colors in their paintings. They focused on their painting skills which gave their works a high degree of abstraction.
Experts suppose that Cubism is the form of Abstractionism that has the most recognizable characteristics of the genre. Cubists represent objects in different geometrical forms. One of the most prominent cubists, Paul Cezanne, considered that each and every element in nature has one of the following forms: cylinder, sphere or cone. Based on this statement Pablo Picasso created his eccentric abstract example of art being one of the most outstanding paintings in that style.
Most people have never heard about Neoplasticism, but the style is recognizable among artists and connoisseurs of art. In a neoplastic abstract notion (example of which was fully represented by Dutch painter Piet Mondrain), artists use only horizontal and vertical lines, colors and nothing else.
Abst. Expressionism is the third most prominent form of Abstractionism that appeared in New York and is considered to be the first purely American movement. It is characterized by emotional intensity, spontaneous manner and careful planning. Jackson Pollock was one of the first representatives of these genres who pioneered action paintings.
Abst. Impressionism is based on building small brushstrokes for expressing the artist’s inner energy and emotions. All paintings of this genre express emotional and mental qualities. Look at any abstract example of Leonid Afremov art that thrills us with its bright palette and unique techniques! Although his paintings depict scenes from real life, he does it in a vague manner in which color definitely prevails over shape and familiar outlines flow into each other creating a vortex of colors that pulls you in and keeps you roaming the labyrinth of strokes until you get to the core of the artist’s message.
Many artists paint abstractions today, but only early followers could truly capture the sense of this movement and express contemplative concepts in their paintings and sculptures. Luckily, we can still admire them in museums, at exhibitions and, of course, in the internet!